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5 Top Programming Languages for Video Streaming

Video streaming is the process of transferring data over a network. This network can be the internet or even just two computers within proximity of one another.

Therefore, this data needs to be transferred in seconds while it is being watched simultaneously. There are different types of video streaming out there, and each has its own unique set of requirements that need to be satisfied for it to be successful.

Video streaming requires much faster transfer speeds than audio streaming since videos are so much more data-intensive. Engineers were able to meet the demands of this requirement by developing technologies such as Adobe Flash Media Server, which managed to improve the speed at which video was transmitted.

Video streaming is also known as multimedia or online streaming. This type of streaming is the most common use of the internet today. The term online streaming has become very popular due to its popularity with video-sharing websites such as YouTube, Vimeo, and TwitchTV.

Different programming languages have been created over the years to cater to these video streaming needs specifically. 

Best Programming languages for Video Streaming

C++ 

This is one of the oldest programming languages that is still currently in use today. It was created by Bjarne Stroustrup at the Bell Telephone Laboratories (AT&T) back in 1983. This language has been used to create several video streaming software like Windows Media Player, QuickTime, and Adobe Flash.

Java

The word “Java” is an acronym for the word “java virtual machine.” This programming language was created by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems back in 1991.

JavaScriptJavaScript is a Programming language used primarily to create websites, but you can also use it for video streaming software. Brendan Eich created it while he was working at Netscape Communications.

If you want the streaming to be on Facebook or YouTube, JavaScript is your best option since these websites are built on top of it.

JavaScript will give you the most flexibility when it comes to programming since you can use it on different platforms, and its use is not limited in any way. The only downside is that this language is compiled, which means that compiled code will run slower than C++ or Python.

PHP 

This is a scripting language that has been used to create several widely accessed websites such as Facebook and Wikipedia. This programming language was created by Rasmus Lerdorf back in 1994.

Python

Python is a high-level programming language created by Guido Van Rossum at CWI, Amsterdam, back in 1989. It has the same structure as the English language, making it very readable for computer programmers and beginners alike.

Conclusion 

When it comes to choosing the best programming language for streaming videos, there are several options out there. C++ and Java are older but more reliable options. JavaScript is a very flexible option that you can use across different platforms, so it’s a good choice for streaming on Facebook or YouTube. PHP is another popular alternative that has been used by many websites such as Facebook, Wikipedia, and WordPress. 

 

Java vs. Scala: Which is Better for Development?

Among programming languages, Java is the most used across the globe. Even as newer languages were released, it has remained at the top. It’s often compared with other programming languages as a result. From Python to Ruby on Rails and others, Java has at least matched the success of those languages. It will be put to the test again in a comparison against the programming language, Scala.

About Java

Java was released by a company called Sun Microsystems over two decades ago. It changed ownership in 2010 when it was bought by Oracle. Java’s reputation is primarily built around how stable its code is as well as how flexible it is across different platforms. Within its system is the JVM, or Java Virtual Machine, and being cross-platform compatible allows other languages or development tools to work well with it. Java is object-oriented, class-based can handle large amounts of data, and is used for all kinds of development projects.

Android and iOS apps, IoTs, websites, and more are where Java is most often used. Many major companies also use it such as Google, Amazon, Slack, eBay, and Spotify.

About Scala

Statistically typed and created for general purpose use, Scala is a programming language based in JVM. Like Java, it’s object-oriented as well. It serves to do things that Java doesn’t and is still compatible with Java programs. Scala was released in 2004 by a developer well-versed in Java programs and coding. Interoperability, its paradigm, and its readability make Scala very versatile. Some of its unique characteristics include a lazy computation, a type interface, functional programming and OOP combination, and the immutability of every declared variable.

Scala shares many of the same uses and benefits Java does since it’s built around it. Corporations like Twitter, LinkedIn, Airbnb, SoundCloud, and Verizon use Scala in their systems.

The Comparison

  • Readability & Ease of Learning

Java, being an older language, is a little harder to learn than other, more modern languages. Similarly, Scala isn’t as easy to learn as those newer languages. However, Scala is more readable due to its concise structure. Both languages are designed to handle extensive development projects and, because Scala is built on Java’s features, its functionality is similar. This does mean that developers versed in Java are likely to find Scala easy to learn.

  • Support & Community

Both languages have strong, supportive communities of developers. Java is known for it, though Scala has a smaller community than Java and focuses on education alongside collaboration with various organizations.

  • Performance

While Java and Scala can be slightly slower with some processes in comparison to other languages like Python, they maintain solid code. This makes it much more difficult for someone to hack into or fix issues with the code. They work well with each other as well. Scala does have code that is concise and shorter than Java, which can make it somewhat faster than Java. However, that is dependent on the development and how extensive the code is.

Final Thoughts

Java has remained a popular, highly-used programming language over the years. Scala, being built around Java, is experiencing similar popularity. Ultimately, choosing whether to use Scala or Java is entirely dependent on the developer and the project the language is being used in.

AI Development: What are the Best Programming Languages?

Within the tech industry, Artificial Intelligence (AI) development has skyrocketed over the past decade. The creation of products like Apple’s Siri and Amazon’s Alexa in particular have contributed to the evolution of AI technology.

In terms of creating AI products, they must start from the ground up like every other piece of technology. One of the foundations those products are built from are programming languages.

Let’s look at some of the most popular programming languages for AI development:

  1. Python

At the top of the tech industry’s most used programming languages list is Python. It’s extremely versatile like Java and nearly as widely used. The implementation of a simplified syntax compared to Java is one of its top benefits. This also plays into decreasing development time—a preference in the fast evolution of technology. It has easy integration capabilities, numerous libraries, and is object-oriented as well.

  1. Prolog

Programming in Logic, or Prolog for short, requires rules, facts, and an imagined result of the product. It uses those to establish a connection between the three while incorporating AI technology to create a solution. Prolog also has a high proficiency in data structuring and backtracking.

  1. Lisp

One of the oldest programming languages around, Lisp has helped provide the foundation for basic AI capabilities. It still holds a high reputation like Java and is extremely useful when finding logical solutions. Additionally, it does pride itself on how precise its language is.

  1. C++

A high processing speed is one of C++’s best features. While its syntax is more complex and difficult to learn, it’s also very cost-efficient with a large community of open-sourced libraries.

  1. Java

Java is the most used programming language in the world. It has its own machine called the JVM, or Java Virtual Machine, that helps decrease compiling time. This is because code through the JVM can be implemented across platforms thanks to Java’s system. On the other hand, the processing speed for AI development is typically a little slower than other languages on this list.

  1. Julia

Julia works best with numerical values through its dynamically-typed system. It contains a package manager, multi-dispatch support, and compatibility with C features and functions as well. This language isn’t used as much as many of the others, which means there’s a smaller community of developers behind it, but it’s still a good language for AI development.

  1. R

With an advantage in statistical processing, R is very proficient in AI development. It has extra packages such as Gmodels, Tm, OneR that are great for machine learning projects. R can help AI developers solve complex problems, which makes it a highly preferred language for AI-focused companies.

  1. JavaScript

Considered more versatile than Java, JavaScript is very adaptable to various development projects. This programming language shares Java’s stability, though it isn’t quite as popular. It’s easy to use, very efficient for complex systems and can handle continuous updates to the application in addition to having a large community of supportive developers.

Mobile App Development with Flutter or Xamarin?

When developing mobile apps, there are multitudes of development tools to utilize. App development for different platforms—also known as cross-platform development—opens up the possibilities of success for it. It presents a wider audience who can become potential users.

For cross-platform mobile app development, two frameworks worth considering are Flutter and Xamarin.

What is Flutter?

Flutter is a Software Development Kit or SDK, that’s open-sourced and available to the public for free. Its goal is to create apps that look like they are native apps. Flutter was released in 2015 by Google on the Android platform under the name ‘Sky’. However, it received a new name and was officially released as Flutter in 2018.

Some of its best features include:

  • Wide platform support
  • Large collection of tools to use
  • Contains a library and widgets for development

Major companies such as Google, eBay, BMW, Realtor.com, The New York Times, and Groupon use Flutter in their systems.

Flutter’s Strengths & Weaknesses

A strength of Flutter is its high-performance speed. Additionally, it has a hot load feature, which means updates can be made and seen within seconds of being changed. Having a high compatibility rate due to its use of widgets is popular among developers as well.

On the other hand, Flutter can’t construct completely native apps because of its reliance on widgets. The few years since its release is a weakness. Most development tools are updated and fixed over time, which means Flutter is somewhat limited in how issues are fixed. Google is constantly updating its programs, including Flutter, and that makes it a little harder to maintain an app’s code.

What is Xamarin?

Xamarin, like Flutter, is open-sourced, free, and cross-platform compatible. However, it was released four years prior to Flutter, in 2011. Then, in 2016, Microsoft purchased Xamarin.

Some features of Xamarin are:

  • Ability to access the features of native platforms
  • Implements XAML to design dynamic mobile apps utilizing the C# language
  • Libraries are available to help work with architectural patterns

Pinterest, UPS, the American Cancer Society, Fox Sports, Alaska Airlines, and other big companies use Xamarin.

Xamarin’s Strengths & Weaknesses

Under Microsoft, Xamarin and its developers have access to an extensive support system. Codesharing, high-performance speeds, and smooth user experiences are other strengths Xamarin has. Its weaknesses include an expensive price for commercial use, a small community of developers, overhead, and occasional lagging.

The Comparison

  1. Cost

Flutter is more affordable while commercial licenses under Xamarin can be expensive.

  1. Learning Curve

Both have libraries that contain guidelines, but Flutter is easier to learn because of its use of widgets.

  1. Ease of Use

Xamarin has a wider selection of development tools to choose from compared to Flutter.

  1. User Experience

Being around longer, apps built using Xamarin tend to have better UIs.

Conclusion

Flutter and Xamarin share about as many similarities as they do differences. What prevents one from receiving higher marks than the other is how each is used to create mobile apps. Each development project is different and should be built with tools that can support what it could be in the future.

Healthcare App Development Guide

The use of healthcare apps in daily life has recently increased significantly following the COVID-19 pandemic. Before that, tracking things such as calorie intake, fat burned, mental health, and more became integrated in routines by society. Uncertainty as a result of the pandemic led to a large focus on the development and usage of healthcare apps.

Types of Healthcare Apps

  • Telehealth
  • Monitoring
  • Medical Tracking
  • Lifestyle
  • Mental Health
  • Fitness
  • Dieting
  • Wellness
  • Women’s Health
  • Networking (Professional)
  • Medical Reference
  • IoT Medical
  • HER

How to Create a Healthcare App

  1. Choose a Topic/Theme/Problem to Focus the App Around
  2. Research the Target Audience
  3. Identify Which Type of App to Create
  4. Decide on Features
  5. Pick Platforms to Run the App On
  6. Learn About Common Issues (i.e. privacy, security, etc)
  7. Be Aware of User Experiences During Development
  8. Bring In a Development Team
  9. Test the App Before Releasing It

Popular Features of Successful Healthcare Apps

The primary features to perfect in any healthcare are data security and privacy. With healthcare apps in particular, there can be serious legal repercussions for apps that don’t protect the data of their users. This is essentially the same for any app, however, healthcare apps often contain sensitive information.

Another feature that separates successful healthcare apps from mediocre ones is the UI/UX design. This is how an app is received by users via its appearance and functionality. An understanding of the different app types is also extremely useful. The app types are native, web, and hybrid with each having its own unique purpose. This can affect how the app performs since its foundation should be established with growth in mind. Similarly, interoperability—the exchange and access of information between people in real-time—is important as well. It helps users, healthcare providers, hospitals and patients, and so on communicate or store vital information.

Platform or device security is a crucial element of successful healthcare apps. For example, iOS/Apple products have better security compared to Android. Android has had issues with cybersecurity breaches in the past. All healthcare apps should display up-to-date security measures to prevent data breaches, regardless of the platform or device the app is being used on.

Identifying and keeping a primary functionality in mind is a great focus that the best healthcare apps employ. Every app should have a function or purpose that is at the forefront of the app. They can have secondary functions as well, but both should be clear to the user. After all, they install and use an app for what the app is intended. If that purpose is unclear, users may delete it.

Final Thoughts

Healthcare apps have limitless potential. The success of apps like CareZone, Lose It!, Headspace, Medscape, and more can be used regularly. By finding ways for users to incorporate the app into their daily lives, the estimated success rate will increase significantly. These kinds of apps should benefit a person’s life in some way while providing a pleasant, helpful experience.

Analysis of a Tech Stack: MEAN

Some of the biggest focuses of web app development are centered around how apps are structured, how safe they are, and how fast they perform. Developers looking to create apps that provide speedy, efficient performances must start with the basics of web app development. Such a foundation is built with good tech stacks—one of those being the MEAN stack.

Tech stacks contain all the tools developers need to build good apps. Front- and back-end tools are included, and there are different combinations for different types of projects or purposes. The best tech stacks typically utilize JavaScript as their base language since it’s so widely used and effective.

What is MEAN?

MEAN is an acronym for MongoDB, ExpressJS, AngularJS, and NodeJS. It’s open-sourced and always up-to-date with current technologies since it uses JavaScript as its base language. MEAN is flexible and easily adaptable, as well as helpful apps that require multiple layers of code. Additionally, it has a high-performance speed and is very effective. Startup businesses, major corporations, and Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) can all benefit from incorporating the MEAN stack into an app’s development plan.

Elements of MEAN

  1. MongoDB: This NoSQL database framework is document-oriented and flexible across different platforms.
  2. ExpressJS: Lightweight and server-side, ExpressJS is used as a back-end development tool. It works primarily with NodeJS while decreasing development time.
  3. AngularJS: Utilizing data binding, this front-end framework has an MVC (Model-View-Controller) JavaScript UI structure. It increases the development speed of dynamic SPAs, or Single-Page Applications, and has a high scalability speed as well.
  4. NodeJS: This is a runtime framework that works with Google Chrome’s JavaScript V8 engine. It also contains an integrated server for the web along with access to open-source libraries.

What are the Benefits of Choosing MEAN?

– Since it’s a full-stack development tool, MEAN contains all the software a developer needs to build a web app, which cuts down on development costs.

– The whole stack is built on JavaScript, making it extremely flexible, easy to distribute across platforms, and can function smoothly with large amounts of data.

– A reliance on its JSON structure limits MEAN’s need for rewriting code while increasing its functionality with APIs.

– MEAN creates a straightforward, simpler development process by using JavaScript in all its components and having clear scanning or monitoring features.

– Apart from JavaScript’s popularity, MEAN has a large and supportive community of developers. They help each other figure out problems and fix issues through the use of open-source libraries.

Summary

The clearest choice for developers wanting to use the MEAN stack in app development is its connection with JavaScript. Also, having a development foundation that specializes in being cross-platform compatible is another positive feature. Developers with extensive knowledge of tech stacks, full tech stacks, in particular, may be quick to point out the weaknesses with using MEAN. There may indeed be better tech stacks out there that have faster processing speeds, are even more cost-effective, and are equally or more cross-platform compatible. However, for developers comfortable with using JavaScript-based development tools, MEAN will be a highly popular candidate.

React Vs React Native Web– Comparison Guide For 2021

Many times we wonder – what is the difference between React and React-native web? Many people think that they are the same thing. But that’s not the case and there are some differences between these two.

If you have an app in React and you want a web version of the app you should know React-native web. React-native web can make your apps run on the web with the help of React DOM.

Comparison between React and React Native web

React web was first and then came react-native who was before react-native for the web.

React Native was built by the concept of conversing jsx to Html by using virtual Dom. Programmers thought of a way to simplify the process of writing code by writing one code instead of two codebases. So the thing was to write one code and to convert the code into Html, java, and objective c. From this method was born React native web.

Is React out of date now, or can React work together with React native web?

You can build your website with react native web, but my advice is to use it when you are building web and app versions together, or if you have an app but you also want a web version. You should probably go with React if you are building it only for the website.

Advantages of React over React native web

  • Easy syntax (div, h1, h2, h3, p, etc.). If you have some background in Html, you will see that the syntax is the same, which is not the case with react native. React native syntax (view, text, etc.).
  • It is easier to inspect the elements, and you can easily make the changes in the Html. In react native, there is no way to change the Html, so basically, you need to change the code in the editor by yourself.
  • You can easily install react packages, while that is challenging with react native web.
  • React has better documentation and is more stable, while React native web is a new technology, and there isn’t any documentation.

Advantages of React native web over React

  • If you have a codebase in react native, then you can run the same code on the web with almost no changes.
  • React native web is a perfect choice if you are building both app and web versions.

Fundamentals of using the react native web.

  • Easy to start (the setup is very easy with the expo)
  • Great development experience (You will gain a lot of benefits with using the expo kit, such as great reloading)
  • Navigation (The most popular navigation library called react-navigation for react-native)
  • Styling (The styling components is the same for react native and react native web)
  • Great community support (React native web is a new technology, and it doesn’t have community support like react. But lucky for you, there are a lot of helpful websites where you can search for answers and ask for questions)

Best Front-end Framework: Angular, React, or Vue?

In development, the front-end and back-end tools are equally important. The front-end aspect is defined as the visual things users can see such as appearance. Studies conducted each year have shown a varying shift in what front-end tools are better. When referring to frameworks, there are 3 main ones at the top of every list—Angular, React, and Vue.

React

Created by Facebook, React was released in 2013. It quickly drew attention, largely in part due to the popularity of its parent company. React and Angular were often compared until React surpassed Angular in 2019 by having the highest number of downloads. Using a Document Object Model (DOM), which uses the JSX extension, HTML code is easily written. Coding in React itself is very simple if a developer knows JavaScript. Other benefits include:

  • Contains a large number of helpful tools for developers
  • Has a great community of developers to help it evolve
  • Small learning curve
  • Better performance levels

However, there are some disadvantages of React such as:

  • Harder to learn programming style
  • Doesn’t use HTML since it has JSX
  • Needs third-party libraries for creating UIs

Angular

Angular is open-sourced and was made by Google. Though it’s over 2 decades old, it’s still one of the best front-end frameworks for development. React and Vue have made Angular struggle to remain at the top but, with a significant update in 2016, it remains in the top 3 front-end frameworks. Some benefits are:

  • Allows developers to work on components separately
  • Has a big community and is backed by a large portion of developers
  • Component-based structure
  • High quality of programming

The major issues of Angular are its high learning curve and complicated syntax.

Vue

Similar to Angular, Vue was created by a developer from Google—Evan You. It was released in 2014, a year after React. You wanted to make a framework that would be more lightweight than Angular with a better performance speed. Advantages of Vue include:

  • Very lightweight (running at about 20KB)
  • Easily integrated with other programming languages
  • Small learning curve and quick performance

Some disadvantages are:

  • Lower number of developers that support the language
  • Struggles to work alongside other much bigger projects
  • Has a limited amount of features available

Overall Comparison

In terms of download numbers, React wins while Vue is next and Angular trails behind. Angular is considered old in the development industry. It has slowly become less effective or used compared to the other two. As an older language, the learning curve for Angular is steeper than React and Vue—the others being built to make learning the framework easy.

The size of the frameworks put Vue far ahead, but Angular once again falls to third, and React comes in second. Programming languages for the three see Angular as an outlier with its incorporation of TypeScript while Vue and React use JavaScript. JavaScript is more preferred for developers of any skill level because of its efficiency and other advantages.

A developer’s skills, time, dedication to the development project, available resources, and more all should contribute to choosing which kind of front-end framework is the best choice. In a general sense, it would be impossible to recommend one over the other two due to that.

Choosing SQL or NoSQL

Picking out a programming language for software, app, or web development will be a huge component of the project’s foundation. This means that, as the project adds more features and data, the development tools it’s built with must be able to adapt. There are many useful programming languages but among those are two particularly comparable languages—SQL and NoSQL.

What is SQL?

SQL stands for Standard Query Language. It’s an RDBMS, or Relational Database Management System, which uses ‘relations’ (also known as tables) to contain data. Those tables are the basis for relational databases and help developers delete, search, add, and update data records. SQL looks at data definitions, control of access, querying, and manipulation. Companies like Hootsuite and Gauges implements SQL.

Benefits to Using SQL

  • Allows users to access a bigger amount of data effectively and quickly
  • The need for coding is essentially non-existent
  • Can be used as a mobile and PC version

Disadvantages of SQL

  • Interface complexity
  • Lack or inability to gain full control over the database
  • Can be costly for developers or businesses to use

What is NoSQL?

Unlike SQL, NoSQL isn’t an RDBMS. It stands for Not SQL and is easily scalable. Additionally, it doesn’t have a fixed schema or uses joins. NoSQL works great for databases with an exceedingly large amount of data. JavaScript Object Notation, or JSON, documents are a part of NoSQLs and more accessible to the public as well. They have a scalability structure that is horizontal, making it simpler to add servers to the database. Companies implementing NoSQL include Kickstarter and Uber.

Benefits to Using NoSQL

  • Very easy to scale
  • Can handle exceptionally large amounts of data
  • Ability to add on to the database

Disadvantages of NoSQL

  • Has a smaller supportive community of developers
  • Developers can struggle a bit with its interfacing and operability
  • Standardization

Comparing & Contrasting

There is often a combination of SQL and NoSQL databases being used by several businesses. NoSQLs are faster and more scalable than SQL. However, SQL is excellent with structuring data. The most obvious difference between the two is that one is an RDBMS (SQL) and the other isn’t (NoSQL). This affects how data can be manipulated within the database.

SQL has a stronger, larger community than NoSQL since it has been around longer. NoSQL was created after SQL to be an easier development tool for developers to use. It’s still considered a fairly new programming language, which is part of the reason its community is smaller, though it continues to increase.

Last Thoughts

SQL and NoSQL are very much alike since NoSQL was built off of SQL—even if it was designed to be different. The structure, or lack thereof, is what affects how each is used in software, web, and app development the most. Keeping in mind that businesses can use both programming languages in their systems, developers should evaluate the pros and cons of each in relation to how they can benefit the project’s development.

3 Main Types of Mobile Apps

On the surface, creating a mobile app seems easy. However, it’s comprised of many different elements, tools, and software that make it function smoothly at all times. There are 3 main types of mobile apps. Each has its own benefits and weaknesses, as well as how well they work with various development projects.

The 3 Types

  1. Native apps
  2. Web apps
  3. Hybrid apps

Native Apps

Native apps are considered the more traditional approach to app development. They’re designed for individual Operating Systems (OSs) and must be essentially rebuilt to run on other platforms. The programming languages native apps are coded with include: C++, React, Java, Kotlin, Swift, and Python. Since they are created for singular platforms, this allows them to have faster performance speeds. Additionally, they have direct access to all the features of the apps, such as Bluetooth and phone contacts.

The biggest downside to native apps is having to recreate the app for each platform it’s developed on. Reusable code isn’t generally an option across platforms with native apps. This will also slow down development and increase the cost of the entire development project. Another downside is the maintenance and need for updates of each of the platforms as the app grows.

Web Apps

Web apps don’t require software installation onto the computer developing the app like native apps do. Instead, they are accessed through a web browser, which is where actual development takes place. Less memory and storage space is used up on the computer as well—a bonus for web app developers. This decreases development costs because it reduces a substantial amount of effort and time native app developers would have to spend rewriting code for different platforms. A subdivision of web apps is Progressive Web Apps (PWAs), which are similar to a native app functioning within a web browser. Programming languages such as JavaScript, Ruby on Rails, HTML, and CSS are used to build web apps.

The most significant disadvantage to web apps is that they are entirely dependent on the web browser being used to make the app. Some features or functions may not transfer properly across different platforms. This could disrupt or disappoint users if they have a poor experience. Since the web browser plays such a large role—and no software is downloaded—developers can’t use it offline, meaning power outages, poor service, and more could happen unexpectedly.

Hybrid Apps

Hybrid apps are the middle-man. They have functionalities of native and web apps. Essentially, they appear to be native apps in every sense, but they are actually more advanced web apps. They’re built using Objective C, Swift, HTML, and other similar programming languages. Economically and in terms of development speed, hybrid apps are superior. The loading speed is much faster, which helps even in places of poor internet connection, and they only need one code. Although they do seem like a better option, hybrid apps rely on native APIs and various web technologies for app development.

Final Thoughts

Each app type works slightly better for different projects depending on the use for the app, expected growth of the app, development time and cost, and the developer(s) skillset. Analyze those elements to properly determine which type of app is the right fit.