The Ruby on Rails framework is an open-source tool for developing server-side web applications. The rapid development of prototypes and Minimum Viable Products (MVPs) is ideal for Ruby on Rails, which is preferred by many startups.

Based on the MVC (Model-View-Controller) architecture. The MVC design principle is widely considered the best design principle since it seamlessly separates business logic from the database, queries, and UI-UX code.

Its introduction in 2005 brought new and unique features to web development. Rails introduced a completely fresh way of building web applications with its Conventions over configurations (CoC) ideology.

Also, by implementing the CoC software design paradigm, Rails reduces coding time significantly, and it makes boilerplate code completely unnecessary.

With Django, you can develop robust, large-scale web apps and websites. Based on the object-oriented paradigm, it is commonly referred to as the ‘framework for perfectionists.’

It is a general-purpose, open-source, and free framework, which makes it readily accessible. Powered by the Python programming language, Django extends all of Python’s concepts to provide developers with a pragmatic, simple, and portable platform.

Many developers favor Django for its features. The goal of this framework is to simplify the process of creating complex, database-driven websites. It features a neat, pragmatic design and encourages fast development.

What are the key differences?

Both are server-side frameworks for backend development. They offer extensive database support, security features, and a similar approach to web application development.

Here is a comparison of the main differences between Django and Rails.

  • Programming language

Ruby on Rails is based on the Ruby programming language. Django, on the other hand, works with Python. Both Ruby and Python are object-oriented, interpreted, dynamically typed programming languages.


While Python is a general-purpose programming language that is used for creating games, Machine Learning algorithms, and Data Analytics features, Ruby is primarily used to develop web applications.

  • Architecture

Rails and Django have similar architectural patterns. Ruby depends on Model View Controller, while Django relies on the Model View Template design.

While MVC and MVT have almost identical implementations, on Rails you have to create all the controller-specific functions. Django handles that automatically.

  • Performance

Compared to one another, Ruby is a little faster than Django.

Python, the programming language used by Django is relatively slow. Its interpreted nature is carried over to Django as well. As a result, Django development can be quite slow. Also, Django comes with a lot of powerful tools and libraries that can slow it down even more.

  • Stability

The flexibility and stability of Ruby on Rails are perfectly balanced. By reusing the code, users can eliminate dependencies and at the same time introduce new, innovative features.

Coders are freed from any further efforts by using the Convention over Configuration technique. As well as reducing the load on Rails developers, it keeps the code flexible and easy to modify.

Django on the other hand is a different story. It has a single way of doing things, so if you want to change something, you’ll have to spend a lot of time on it. It actually discourages new implementations. This can damage developers’ creativity.

  • Use and popularity

Ruby on Rails has many devoted users but Django’s community is massive and broader.

Django can be used in a variety of fields such as eCommerce, social media, and gov. websites, making it the more universal option. Also, Python has many libraries for data analysis, machine learning, and data science.

Both platforms are very popular and have an impact on the field. While Ruby has an active community engaged in constant development, Django’s strongest weapon is Python – the most popular programming language.