Posts tagged "Android app development"

Is Kotlin Better than Java for Android App Development

Kotlin and Java are two of the most popular programming languages for Android development – mainly because of their higher level of practicability, depth, and user-friendly nature. Over the past few years, Kotlin has been eclipsing Java in Android app development. More and more developers prefer the more elegant Kotlin – but is it really better than the good old Java? 

A general-purpose programming language, Java is class-based, object-oriented, and platform-independent. It provides flexibility so that developers can write code that runs on all platforms supporting Java without the need to rewrite and recompile. The syntax is very similar to C and C++ but with the depth of lower-level programming languages. 

Even though Java is considered to be the official language for Android application development, Kotlin is fast becoming the second most preferred programming language. It runs on JVM and is fully interoperable with Java, and you can utilize various Java frameworks and libraries to be used in Kotlin programs. Kotlin programs are generally more readable and concise as they are 30-40% shorter than Java equivalents. Because of the simplified syntax, enhanced features, and interoperability of Kotlin, it has been adopted by Google as an official Android development language. 

Kotlin code can be seen as a simplified version of Java as, generally, it removes the syntax involved in variable classes, methods, and declaration. And since the use of Semicolons is eliminated, the code comes out much cleaner. 

Classes in Kotlin can easily be declared in one line so that the code can be much shorter and simpler compared to Java. There is also an additional layer of security because nulls are illegal. 

With a well-developed and active community, Kotlin provides great support and easy to access documentation and libraries online. The official community website of Kotlin is a great place to start and a place where developers share and support each other with plenty of talks and events. The website and the resources are maintained by the community, and there are many relevant news articles and relevant links to projects and libraries. 

There is a dedicated section in the tutorials on how to use Kotlin as a dynamic library and how to publish Kotlin libraries. Some of the most popular libraries include Glide, Retrofit 2, Dagger 2, and Realm databases. 

On the official website, beginners will find the right tools to start with Kotlin’s documentation and learn about basic syntax rules, how to start with Kotlin functions, packages, string templates, and variables. 

In conclusion, Kotlin is the best option for both beginner and advanced developers when it comes to Android app development. It provides simplicity and additional depth. Because it is already being accepted by major leaders in the Android development space, it is reasonable to expect that Kotlin will take over Java in the future. Of course, Java can not be entirely written-off for the moment as it provides many features that are not supported by Kotlin currently. 

 

iOS vs. Android App Development

In this article, you’ll be given an overview of iOS vs. Android app development.

While choosing which one to go for, many factors should be considered before making a decision. The three main factors to consider are the target audience, the potential of each platform, and the development process.

Target Audience:

Your target audience is the most important factor to consider while deciding to choose a platform. You do not want to waste your effort, resources, and time on the wrong audience. Here are a few factors to look for while choosing the platform, according to the audience.

Market Share: 

Android’s market share was 87% of the global market, as of 2019, while iOS only had 13%. While this is a huge gap, it may change according to the geographical area. Such as in the United States, iOS has 59% market share while Android takes the lead through 92% of the shares in India. Therefore, the selection depends on your audience.

Demographic data:

Using demographic data may also provide you a good view of your options, here’s how:

IOS Demographics

  1. 29% more likely to be over 35
  2. 18% more likely to be women
  3. 37% more likely to be a college graduate.

Android Demographics

  1. Skew toward people ages 18–34
  2. 10% more likely to be male
  3. The average salary of about $37k

Development potential:

To get the best results possible, you also need to take; I consider the possibility of each kind of development. At the same time, one may be attractive, and the other may get more revenue. Here are some factors to consider while comparing the development potentials of both platforms:

  • Check their latest versions.
  • Check the essential features such as photo app, portrait mode, focus mode, smart reply, privacy controls, dark mode, sign-ins, and backups, etc.
  • Check the customizability options. It is seen that Android offers more customizability choices than IOS.

The Development Process:

The third factor to take into consideration in the development process. To analyze it better, focus on the following aspects:

Languages:

Programming languages impact your development procedure. Your development team should be well-versed in the programming languages of the platform you choose. For example, for iOS, Objective-C, or Swift while for Android Java and Kotlin work. While style usually depends on the developer’s preference and tea, but it’s worth considering.

Complexity and Timeline:

While IOS app development is done only for a few devices. On the other hand, Android development has to worry about device divisions, thus making the process more time-consuming and complicated.

It should also be noticed that iOS app development has its complexities. The app has to be upgraded regularly and kept routinely maintained. Additionally, since iPhones become outdated rapidly, iOS apps have a shorter life.

Conclusion

The app development process and the potential they carry on the platform are a vital factor to consider.

You need to remember that your app is your product, which will be used by the audience, so think about your target audience.

If security and privacy matter to you, then the iPhone would be your choice. If you consider battery life and customization to be important factors, then go for Android. Ultimately, you should pay attention to the factors that matter to you, which may impact your decision.