Posts by "Roxana"

Top Programming Languages in AI 

Technology surrounds us, and so do the intelligent algorithms that control it. Whether navigating to find your destination, shopping, needing voice assistance, or making online transactions through fraud prevention, it all includes using Artificial Intelligence algorithms. These algorithms are instructions that help an automated system complete a task and are constantly evolving. Programming languages are built for communicating with computers to implement these AI algorithms.

Market research analysis in June 2022 suggests that for 2022-28, the AI market size in the US is estimated to grow to $422 Billion annually. Furthermore, the industrial dynamics reveal that most businesses are expected to invest in technology associates that can produce autonomous machines/robotics that can comprehend instructions/environment and interact or sense accordingly.

The AI industry has a prosperous future yet can be complicated, demanding a specific skill set. For high-end AI systems, it is essential to be proficient in the following programming languages:

1.     Java:

For AI, Java is among the top user-friendly language. Moreover, it offers AI libraries for application development.

An AI Java developer can have the following advantages:

  • Simplicity of debugging
  • Data representation through graphics
  • Project simplification and enhanced interactions
  • Maintainability, security, and portability
  • Easy to code and learn
  • Garbage collector (Built-in)
  • Widget toolkit
  • Easy implementation for large-scale projects
  • Reliable Java community and 24/7 support

For AI business solutions, it is used for developing genetic programming, machine learning-oriented solutions, neural networks, and robotic systems.

2.     Python:

It is among the top-notch languages for AI-based solutions and is considered a general-purpose language. Top software projects, including Google, Facebook, and Youtube, are written in Python codes.

It has been demonstrated to be the top-notch language for AI due to the following reasons:

  • Simple and easy coding
  • A vast library system that has pre-written codes
  • Better data handling/transformation
  • Flexible for selecting/combining programming styles, for example, Object-oriented or functional styles
  • Availability of custom-made Python packages, including Nimoy, Spicy
  • Visualization tools support data representation
  • Ease of altering code/debugging
  • Fast project development

3.     C++:

C++ evolved from the C language and a general-purpose programming language developed in 1979 and efficient for time-sensitive AI projects. It encompasses both low and high-level programming.

Following are a few aspects of C++ in AI projects:

  • It is complex and has additional syntax rules and program conventions
  • It is statically typed, hence proven to be fast in code compilation
  • It does not provide a Garbage collector for memory management
  • The best application for C++ in AI is in developing embedded systems and hardware for AI projects.

4.     R:

R language evolved from language S and was released in 2000. In AI, it is mainly used for data representations, data analysis, and machine learning.

Following are some aspects of R:

  • Use machine learning functions and statistics
  • Predicts new data through previous results
  • Applicable for big data and presents large datasets into smaller datasets
  • Provides an experimental web interface for data analysis
  • Project development can be documented


5.     Prolog:

Prolog is short for Programming in logic that investigates an association between fact, rule, and conditional statement for finalizing an objective.

The main aspects are:

  • Less effort in programming
  • Easy pattern matching
  • Simpler for list-based algorithms
  • In AI, it is best suited for backtracking and search problems
  • Advantageous for AI applications that require focus on the issue, rather than particular computer commands
  • Makes use of recursive constructs in developing significant AI real-life problems







The Advantages of Using C# Versus Other Languages

It is common to find novice users asking questions on Quora, C# Corner, and CodeProject, such as, “Which one to use, C++ or C#?” etc. In this blog post, we are about to discuss a few of the key concepts you should know to choose between C#, C or C++, and Java.

 A language’s productivity

Programming languages have varying productivity depending on many factors, such as how they are written, how fast and reliable they are, and how frequently they are updated. Can other team members read the source code of the program? A language may fail in many areas, while another may succeed in others.

For the right task, you need the right language

There has never been a definitive programming language. When one programming language is devised for a particular purpose, a new language is created by another group of programmers. Since Microsoft created C#, we believe it is the most efficient programming tool available.

With C#, you can take advantage of the most comprehensive IDE as well as better support. IDEs are available for Java and C++, and most C programs are written in minimal environments. The use of C# and Java often dominates the use of C++ (and C) and the use of C# and Java in many cases. It depends on a variety of factors, including programming paradigms, the performance of the code generated, and memory-management delays. When it comes to writing low-level programs, C# and Java don’t work well together.

Choosing the right framework

Programs for Android, Ubuntu, and Linux have been written using the .NET framework. Developing applications on it was a really powerful experience. There were a few downsides, however, including modified compilers and modified C++. If you’re looking for work in a similar field, there are many companies to choose from.

Unlike other frameworks, Java is entirely framework-centric and cross-platform. On the other hand, the .NET framework makes writing applications very easy. Application code is written in C#, VB.NET, and C++ (no Java!). This provides excellent cross-architecture compatibility.

Mac OS X is not supported by C# at the moment. A cross-platform version of Microsoft C# has been released. Mono Project is a suitable choice if you want to program in C# on more than one platform.

In C# 6, Microsoft has proven that it is far superior to its competitors. C# is rapidly growing and is supporting multiple platforms, while Java is supported by 100% in the rankings. One statement code for writing data to files and extracting data is one thing Java does not have.

 Compiled code performance

Executing the programs is a major concern. From syntax to importing procedures and objects, writing source code can differ in many ways. In comparison with languages compiled to native code or assembly code, byte codes lag. Compiling C# or Java programs creates byte code, which is executed through JITs.

In most cases, compilers stop the CPU, and other factors such as memory usage and programmer error are also to blame.

To conclude

A programming language can never be ideal. The process of programming always begins with choosing the right tools for your projects. As such, it is always wise to ask those questions and receive feedback from your development team first. The question “How to convert PHP code to ASP.NET?” is often asked by web developers. If you want to convert another program to C#, you will not be able to do so.

Everything You Need to Know About Golang Web Development

New languages, frameworks, and libraries are created annually to enhance programming efficiency and techniques in the ever-changing field of web development. Google’s Golang is one such language that enhances preceding languages such as Python, C, and others. Because of this, many cutting-edge programs now prefer Golang web development.

Check out this article if you’re considering hiring a GO programmer for your next Golang web development project to learn about the language’s advantages and disadvantages, the finest Golang Frameworks, and more.

What Kind of Go Web Applications Can You Build With Go?

Golang may be used to develop many different kinds of web apps. However, these are some of the problems that Golang is perfect for.

Cloud services

Go’s scalability, parallelism, and ability to create idiomatic APIs make it an excellent choice for developing cloud service applications. Because of these benefits, Google has chosen Go as the principal language for its cloud computing services. Docker, Dropbox, and Terraform are some of the other well-known cloud services that use Go.

On-demand services

Go is also great for apps that get a large number of requests at the same time. Fast processing and handling enormous volumes of data are essential for platforms like Twitch and Uber, which receive several requests every second.

Social media

Golang’s scalability and concurrency make it perfect for social media apps that cope with a high traffic volume every second. Websites like YouTube, SoundCloud, and Netflix are just a few social media sites that count Go among their primary programming languages.

Features of Golang Web Development

One of the uses of Go is the development of web apps. While its primary function is in server-side scripting, it is also used by some programmers to create frameworks for front-end web applications.

The following are some of the language’s properties that make it well-suited for web development:

  1. Simplicity

Among the numerous reasons for Go’s popularity among programmers is the language’s ease of use. In contrast to other languages for backend development, Go places a premium on clarity and simplicity above feature-richness. Only features that will make this language easier to use and improve readability and maintainability have been introduced.

  1. Concurrency

Concurrency allows web applications to use a multiprocessor architecture and process requests from several users all at once. Because of their inherent concurrency features, Go-based applications are simpler to expand.

  1. An extensive standard library

A library of pre-written code makes developing programs much easier and faster. The Golang library is not as large as those of Python or Java, but it contains most of the key packages developers require to construct effective web applications. It is impressive to have accumulated such a large library in its short 12 years of existence.

  1. System programming and cloud computing

This capability allows Go developers to utilize this language to construct cloud-based apps. Go is a great choice for system-level programming since it shares many features with languages like C.

  1. Rates of Compilation

That’s why many programmers have switched to this language; it offers this advantage. Go compiles code quicker than several popular programming languages, including Java and PHP. This language and its compiler were created with compilation speed in mind.

Golang’s Pros and Cons for Web Development

Now that we’ve seen Golang’s web development tools, let’s talk about the advantages and disadvantages of adopting this language for web development:


Outstanding performance

Go is incredibly efficient and can outperform Python and Java on comparable hardware. As with C and C++, Go’s statically typed nature contributes to the language’s impressive speed.

Simple to learn

The simplicity of this programming language makes it exceedingly straightforward to learn, regardless of prior web development expertise. A programmer who has worked with Java or C will find its syntax even more familiar. The language also has a sizable user base so that programmers may find help on Go-specific message boards more easily.

So, if one encounters difficulties along the route, one may readily discover solutions on sites such as Reddit, Stackoverflow, Quora, YouTube, and many more. The documentation for Golang is equally clear and concise. So it’s critical if you get stranded along the route.


Go allows for the parallel execution of several, independently executing parts of a program through goroutines and channels. This allows computers to do jobs significantly faster and spend less time idle. This characteristic also makes Go the ideal language for creating scalable programs with an exponentially growing user base.

There is no need for a framework.

Several Go frameworks are available, but you don’t have to use one to create a web app. Unlike most programming languages, go’s great standard library allows for creating programs without needing a framework. Go’s standard library will get you started if you’re not a fan of frameworks.

A clever standard library

With this language, developers don’t need to rely on other libraries to do the job. This prevents problems caused by third-party libraries, where function names may clash.

Google’s industry authority

Go is sponsored by Google, which only ensures that Go will continue to get Google’s support, which is crucial to the project’s development.

There are certain downsides to Go that need to be discussed, even though it offers several advantages over other programming languages for web development.


It might be overly simple at times.

Golang’s strength is its simplicity, yet it might be drawbacks to focusing too much on the basics. This language’s simplicity comes at the price of its limited adaptability, which languages like Swift or Haskell offer. The learning curve for these languages is higher, but they provide a wealth of capabilities that help programmers quickly complete complex tasks.

It is still a developing language.

One downside of having a new language is the comparatively minimal community support compared to languages established for over two or three decades. The amount of available packages in a language’s libraries is another way its novelty may be felt. Go may have a sophisticated standard library, but it is nothing near what Java and Python provide.

It lacks a GUI library.

Go’s lack of a graphical user interface library is a major drawback. This means you can’t just build your app in a language that supports the feature you need; instead, you’ll need to attach a library to your app, just as you would with languages like Java or Python.


Go has grown in popularity because of its several advantages over Python, Java, and PHP. Over 1.1 million developers go for such language over others because of its accessibility, scalability, maintainability, and concurrency features.






How Will Mobile Development Look Like in 2022? What Makes Flutter Different from Xamarin

New frameworks and technologies began to emerge with the rising popularity of cross-mobile application development. The Xamarin platform is an open-source platform developed by Microsoft. Xamarin was our first choice in 2019. Flutter changed everything – we knew we couldn’t turn back. Here is some content that may help you gain a better understanding of how Flutter may help you in your work.

A quick overview of Flutter and Xamarin

Xamarin and Flutter are both cross-platform frameworks for developing mobile applications. This is Google’s native UI toolkit for creating beautiful mobile, web, and desktop applications from the same codebase. Announcing it at the Dart Developer Summit 2015 was the first step. A lot has changed in Xamarin since Flutter was first introduced. There are two main differences between the two: the languages used and how the interface is developed.

What led us to pick Xamarin in the first place?

Xamarin sounds promising to most developers based on its description and functionality. By using Xamarin, developers can share 90% of their applications across platforms. A single language can be used to write all the business logic for all platforms, ensuring native performance, look, and feel. This is just a theoretical discussion. However, our impressions of XAML in practice differ slightly.

Where does Xamarin go wrong? 

As a result of working with Xamarin, we encountered the following two problems: 

UI design If you’re adding simple UI elements, these controls work as expected. However, if you’re adding advanced functionality (for instance, gradients, animations, shadows, borders, etc.), you’ll need custom controls.

  • Problems with the customer’s renderer

For Xamarin Forms, you must create a “custom renderer” if you want to get a specific appearance.

Benefits of Flutter

  • The most popular cross-platform UI toolkit

It is easy to create engaging user interfaces with advanced animations using Flutter. Globally, there are many open-source packages developed by developers. Due to its Google origins, Flutter may be suitable for novice mobile developers as well.

  • Shareable code

A major advantage of Flutter is that its code can be shared across many platforms. Client-optimized languages like Dart enable developers to create fast apps for any platform. Its powerful programming language enables multiplatform development to be as productive as possible. Flutter apps are powered by Dart’s language and runtime.

  • Flutter’s power

Due to its direct integration into machine code, Flutter doesn’t suffer from any performance bugs caused by interpretation. Flutter does not use the platform widgets provided by the operating system. The app instead provides a collection of widgets, such as Material Design widgets and Cupertino widgets (styled after iOS).

  • Widgets

The graphic layer of an app is largely made up of widgets. Views and visual controls are the most common widgets, but animations and gesture detection can also be accomplished with widgets. You should be aware of two terms: graphic layer and widget.

  • Pub

During the development of your app, you should first consider packages and plugins that are recommended by Flutter Favorites. Flutter, AngularDart, and general Dart programs can be used with Pub, a package manager for the Dart programming language. There are more and more well-rated packages every day. The quality and suitability of this product are not guaranteed.

Final words

With Flutter, you can create applications with engaging, advanced views while maintaining the same performance as native ones. There are fewer costs involved in this process than in other cross-platform solutions, and the user interface looks the same across all platforms. There is a chance that we will find an open-source solution for any widget or functionality we don’t get at the start.

Does Python Work Well for Mobile App Development?

It is widely accepted that Python is a suitable programming language for building mobile apps. The goal of this guide is to help you understand the intricacies of developing mobile apps in Python. Before that, let’s take a look at what makes Python so popular!

Python in a nutshell

Python is a flexible programming language that is open-source and can be used to perform a wide range of tasks. Developers can learn it very quickly because it has a relatively simple syntax. In addition, it can be integrated with other languages and is compatible with big data.

Does Python work well for mobile apps?

Its ease of use, readability, and reduced development time make Python so appealing. Python is not supported natively on iOS and Android due to the lack of interpreter-type languages. To make an app work on both platforms, there are now Python-based tools available.

The kind of apps you can create in Python are endless:

  1. Audio-video apps
  2. Game app development
  3. Blockchain Application
  4. Command-line apps
  5. Machine learning apps
  6. Business apps

Python for Android Applications

Android is primarily implemented in Java. Python code must be run on a Java virtual machine if you want to write an Android application in Python.

The Vestigial Output Compiler (VOC) translates Python into CPython bytecode, which is then converted into Java-compatible bytecode. By using Android’s native API, you will be able to write Android applications directly. Jython, JPype, Jepp, Py4J, and others are also available for implementing Python in Java.

Python for iOS Applications

Building an iOS application is a bit more challenging than creating one for Android. Typically, your application is coded in Python/Kivy, then deployed with Xcode using a Python environment. The Apple App Store requires an iMac or MacBook to publish apps even if you build them in Python.

Python-based mobile applications

  1. Instagram
  2. Pinterest
  3. Disqus
  4. Spotify

Building Python Mobile Apps with GUI Frameworks

Python mobile apps must have GUI initialization. Kivy and BeeWare are the two most popular frameworks. There are others as well, such as Python-for-Android, PyJNIus, Tkinter, Falcon, etc.

How to develop Python mobile apps with Kivy?

Python framework Kivy is compatible with Windows, Mac, Linux, and Raspberry Pi. Aside from keyboards and mice, Kivy supports multi-touch functions. You can quickly learn how to use the software thanks to its natural user interface. Software based on this library may be used for free or for commercial purposes under the MIT license.

The Python App Development Checklist

When developing mobile apps, developers should keep these things in mind:

  • To evaluate expressions, it uses a dynamic coop, which means it searches for variables from all functions and blocks.
  • Python limits lambda functions. Therefore, they cannot return explicitly, unlike regular functions.
  • Editors are used more than compilers in Python. Errors in an app will only be disclosed during execution.

Final words

Among all programming languages, Python is the most versatile. You can also leverage Python’s ease, diversity, and flexibility in mobile app development now that resources and tools are available for Python app development. Fast and efficient, it may help you save both time and money.

What Is the Difference between a JavaScript Framework and a Library?

There is a significant distinction between a programming framework and a library, even though they may appear to be the same at first. It depends on the intended function.

Each one of these definitions is universally applicable to any language. The distinctions between a JavaScript library and a framework will be highlighted to offer more concrete examples.

Distinction Between a Library and a Framework

Although Frameworks and Libraries are both collections of code that address a particular issue, they are not interchangeable. The key distinction between them is the level of oversight a developer has over how the product is used.

Definition of Library

For programmers, a library is a collection of pre-existing code that may be integrated into existing projects to address recurring issues. The code in a library should be adaptable and widely used so that it may be integrated into a wide range of projects. The library can be used as often as necessary and at the developer’s discretion.

Framework Definition

However, developers can add their code to certain control areas in a Framework because of its more rigid structure. At certain junctures, developers might add new features to the framework to meet their unique requirements. When the framework deems it essential, it invokes the code the developers have supplied.

What sets this apart is the developer’s ability to restrict how the code is implemented. Frameworks invoke developer-created code, which can then use Libraries to simplify the solution of recurrent or otherwise difficult issues.

Consider the making of bread as a real-world example. There is a certain order in which numerous processes must occur to produce bread.

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a computer language and a crucial technology of the modern World Wide Web. As a result of its widespread use as a standard for building websites alongside markup languages like HTML and style sheets like CSS, it is now included in every web browser. On top of that, numerous non-web apps employ JavaScript as a scripting language.

JavaScript Libraries

Examples of Libraries used in JavaScript projects are as follows:

  • The jQuery library is widely used because it provides access to and manipulation of the HTML Document Object Model (DOM), as well as event handling and animation.
  • React is a library that lets you utilize components to create interactive user interfaces.
  • Angular Material: a toolkit that provides various visual components for Angular web applications that adhere to Google’s Material Design guidelines.
  • Redux is a package that makes it simple to construct and manage the state of your JavaScript applications. Many additional libraries are built on top of its features, which is why it is so popular.
  • Lodash is a library that provides various utility methods for typical programming tasks like arrays, integers, objects, strings, etc.


JavaScript Frameworks

Examples of Frameworks used in JavaScript projects include the following:

  • Angular is a framework for creating cross-platform apps that may run on desktop computers, mobile devices, and the web.
  • Ember.js is a framework for creating online apps with interactive user interfaces.
  • Vue.js is a framework that focuses on creating user interfaces and single-page apps. Available for expansion using several officials, actively maintained libraries and packages.
  • Express is a lightweight framework for developing Node.js web application backends.


Differences between JavaScript Frameworks and Libraries

While the distinction between a Library and a Framework holds across languages, let’s examine how it manifests in JavaScript.

JavaScript frameworks are generally the backbone upon which front- and backend web applications and pages are built.

On the other hand, libraries will give you tools to improve your web application, whether you’re looking to add visual elements like animations and reactive content or improve the efficiency of your code by reusing portions of it to do repetitive tasks.



The fundamental distinction between a Javascript library and a framework (or any other language) is as follows:

  • Your code will make a call to a Library.
  • A Framework will invoke your code.
  • A framework often defines the backbone of your program, whereas a library assists you in developing its graphics, internal operations, and algorithms.






Web Development Comparison Guide: NodeJS vs. PHP

The back-end development of a website can be done using either PHP or Node.js. Likewise, there’s a debate in the development community over which of these is better.

An overview of Node.js and PHP

PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor, while Node.js unifies the development of web applications using only JavaScript. According to a recent survey, 78.9% of all websites use PHP. When it comes to backend development, both operate differently.

A complete comparison of backend development

  • Performance

The performance metric measures how quickly code executes and impacts key performance indicators such as seamlessness and load time. Compared to PHP, Node.js has several performance advantages that extend beyond developer skills. Hack, for example, was created by Facebook to speed up existing PHP code; Hack was designed for compatibility with PHP.

Each PHP request is directed to the PHP interpreter, which runs on a web server and processes the code. It is a lightweight framework that manages various aspects of your application despite being server-side.

PHP is an interpreted language, while Node.js is a compiled language. The CPU can execute compiled code seamlessly since it is specified in the CPU’s native language. To translate interpreter code into CPU instructions, an interpreter must convert it from its original format.

As opposed to most web servers, which run multiple threads, Node.js runs on a single thread. PHP was designed primarily for web development, unlike Python or Java. Consequently, it reduces the need for JS code on your front end by handling servers, HTML, and databases.

  • Development

Node.js enables you to build integral backend models, but you’ll still need a reverse proxy like Nginx or Apache, an HTTP framework like Express.js, and a database like MySQL. PHP offers easier usability, which makes it an attractive choice for most web developers. It’s critical to remember, however, that PHP projects are slower than those built with Node.js.

Although Node.js’s package management system (NPM) is a plus, its attributes are quite similar to those of PHP.

  • Databases

PHP gives you access to a broader variety of database management systems. A NoSQL database such as CouchDB and a MongoDBGraph database system such as Neo4jPlus are perfectly compatible with Node.js. Since these databases are relatively recently developed, they are more resistant to injection attacks. Web developers can choose whichever database is right for their project, considering all necessary factors rather than being restricted to a specific one.

  • Hosting

A hosting metric identifies how compatible technology is with various hosting services. There are a variety of alternatives available for Node.js to enhance its competitiveness. On the other hand, PHP powers nearly 80% of the web directly and indirectly. Node.js offers the same level of compatibility with hosting service providers that PHP does. The choice is yours if you aren’t too concerned with security. With either, your project won’t be negatively affected by any major difference.

  • Practical application

Dynamic, data-intensive one-page apps can be built using both Node.js and PHP. PHP can be seamlessly integrated with centralized servers, databases, and HTML since it is designed as a backend-focused language. There are many notable PHP projects, such as MailChimp, Wikipedia, Yahoo, Tumblr, and Flickr

Which one to choose?

There is no clear winner between Node.js and PHP. In the end, you need to choose the one that fits your project best. You simply need to write down your product specifications and compare how each will work with your product. In addition, you need to consider the developers you are working with.

Top 6 Functional Programming Languages for 2022

One of the greatest ironies of technical developments is the phenomenon of the “known yet unknown.” In software development, a trend may dramatically impact in a matter of days. Why are we discussing this? Do you know what “Functional Programming” refers to? You might say it’s trendy these days. Though functional programming has been around for 60 years, it is still mostly obscure in the programming community. Things are shifting, and at the moment, every developer is eager to pick it up, utilize it, and exploit it to make cutting-edge, secure, and helpful products in a shorter amount of time.

Let’s continue our introduction to functional programming. This article will also discuss the six most widely used functional programming languages by developers throughout the world.

What Is a Functional Programming Language?

Functional programming is a programming paradigm. A paradigm in computer science is a method, a model, or a pattern for solving a certain problem.

To expand on this idea, we might say that functional programming is the practice of building programs entirely out of pure functions. Function definitions are expressed as trees of expressions that map one set of values to another, making this a declarative programming paradigm. It contrasts the imperative paradigm, in which a new set of statements can alter the program’s current state as it proceeds.

What Is Functional Programming?

Simply said, functions are groups of instructions that work together to produce a specified result. More weight is given to pure functions in this case since they are not permitted to interact with any external devices and always provide the same output when given the same input.

Pure functions are not permitted to modify their state, in contrast to OOP, where every method can affect the state of the objects. Since several functions share no common state, pure functions have also been shown to be the most conducive to concurrency.

Data analysis and machine learning benefit greatly from functional programming. Powerful features like no nulls, higher-order functions, no exceptions for error handling, immutable data structures, pattern matching, and function composition operators have attracted the attention of programmers.

Functional programming’s benefits:

Here are some of functional programming’s benefits that programmers find appealing.

  • Shorter code
  • Simple debugging
  • Modular
  • Parallel programming
  • increased maintainability
  • Readability of code

Numerous businesses now employ one of the many functional programming languages available. Many additional programming languages also include or enable functional programming. It is widely utilized in various fields, including the web, statistics, financial analysis, machine learning, etc.


Functional Programming Languages: Which Are the Best Functional Programming Languages to Learn?

We’ve compiled a list of the most widely used functional programming languages and those that allow for functional programming or have both functional and object-oriented programming features.


The programming language with the most users is Elixir. The BEAM virtual computer supports this functionality, general-purpose, concurrent programming language. Its popularity stems from its aptitude for developing low-latency, fault-tolerant, and distributed systems.

Elixir is a high-concurrency, low-latency programming language developed on top of Erlang and borrows features from Erlang, Ruby, and Clojure. Globally popular services like Discord, PagerDuty, Pinterest, Bleacher Report, Inverse, The Outline, and many more use it to provide their services to millions of users at once. José Valim developed it to produce a language suitable for developing large-scale websites and applications.

Large amounts of data can be processed quickly and efficiently using it. The fields of telecommunications, electronic commerce, and banking make extensive use of Elixir. It’s a language that gets things done. The Phoenix framework was created in Elixir and is well-known for its high performance.

Due to its foundation in Erlang, it excels where dependability and concurrency are concerned. High-quality libraries, forums, and experts are all part of the Elixir ecosystem, which has been developed with the help of the community and the core Elixir team.

Try it out if you want to learn functional programming.


The Java programming language Clojure is widely used because it is a dynamic and functional variant of the Lisp language. Developers in Clojure may use its immutable and persistent data structures and its support for explicit identification and state management. Because of this, programmers now have a significant edge when trying to make concurrent and speedy software.

Clojure is a functional programming language developed by Rich Hickey as an updated version of Lisp. It has a macro system and a read-eval-print loop and treats functions as first-class objects. Lazy sequences, recursion, a reactive agent system, and higher-order functions are also supported. Although Java is Clojure’s principal platform, many more target implementations are available.

Many well-known organizations utilize it, including Walmart, Chartbeat, Netflix, Puppet, Circle CI, LinkedIn, Salesforce, Cisco, Boeing, ThoughtWorks, Atlassian, Room Key, Pisano, GO-JEK, Freshcode, LendUp, and many more.


Scala is not functional, although it does support both functional and object-oriented programming. Scala has been considered because it is a concise, high-level language that mixes object-oriented programming and functional programming.

It is a multi-paradigm, contemporary programming language that operates on top of the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). It combines aspects of both functional and object-oriented languages. Scala is statically typed, flexible, and compatible with the Java ecosystem.

Lazy evaluation, higher-order types, immutability, pattern matching, and a type system that allows algebraic data types, raw strings, and optional arguments are some of the functional-level features it supports from Scheme, Standard ML, and Haskell. Foursquare, the New York Times, Airbnb, SoundCloud, Verizon, Morgan Stanley, Firebase, LinkedIn, Twitter, MeetUp, Coursera, Apple, Walmart, Databricks, and many others utilize it.

Scala has been called many different things, including the most popular programming language, an alternative to the languages available on the JVM, and the most popular programming language built on the JVM.



There is no need to introduce Python. While it is not a functional language, it does allow for functional, declarative code. Functional programming is encouraged by the language’s structure, which includes support for functions, generating expressions, list comprehensions, sets, and dictionaries. Haskell and Standard ML are major influences.

Anything is built on the principle that “there should be one, and preferably only one, obvious method to accomplish it.” It is a common programming language for many different types of software. The Python community is huge, one of the language’s main selling points. Many parts of the artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) software ecosystem, as well as the scientific computing and information security (IS) sectors, are developed in Python.

Businesses big and small, from Amazon to Instagram to NASA to Google to Yahoo to Wikipedia to Reddit to ITA to Spotify, all use Python.



Kotlin is a general-purpose, cross-platform, statically typed language that may also be used for functional programming. As it provides first-class support for things like function types and lambdas, higher-order functions, and many more, it is an excellent option for experimenting with functional programming.

In addition to being brief and quicker, it is also type-safe. Since Kotlin is fully compatible with Java, it is much simpler to learn and implement. Kotlin is supported as a first-class language on the Android platform, and it is utilized for server-side, client-side, web app, desktop app, and native development. Many businesses rely on Square, Pinterest, Basecamp, Corda, and many more.

Kotlin has a large and active community that provides resources like forums, events, and other material.



Although it is more commonly associated with its scripting capabilities, JavaScript may also be used to provide functional features.

JS operates on a high level, is multi-paradigm, and is frequently compiled at runtime. Dynamic typing, first-class functions, and object orientation based on prototypes are all supported. Like Cascading Style Sheets and HyperText Markup Language, JavaScript is essential to the operation of the World Wide Web. This is because it is a multi-paradigm language, meaning that it can be used for both functional and imperative programming.

It’s quite similar to Scheme in many ways. The usage of JavaScript has become ubiquitous, and it can be found in virtually every site and app today.






The Most Practical Applications of the C Programming Language

Bjarne Stroustrup created the general-purpose programming language C++ to expand the C programming language. It finds widespread use in various gaming and web development, machine learning, and data mining projects. It is commonly believed that higher-level languages such as Python, Java, and JavaScript have eclipsed C++ in both popularity and widespread application. Nonetheless, C Language applications are widely used all around the world. A knowledge of programming that does not include C is incomplete. As a result, it tends to rule the programming world.

What exactly is C Language?

C is a widely used programming language due to its simplicity, versatility, and ease of learning. C++ is widely used because it is a machine-independent high-level programming language that can create everything from simple apps to complex systems like the Windows operating system or the Oracle database or the Git repository or the Python interpreter, and many others.

The gods allegedly designed the computer programming language C. The term “foundation language” is often used to describe C. Therefore, if you know the programming language “C,” you’ll have a good foundation for learning other languages that draw from it.

Learning about computer memory systems is necessary to work with the C programming language. C’s 32 keywords, various data types, and robust built-in functions make for more productive programming.

Programming in “C” also has the added benefit of being extensible by the programmer. The library functions used by a ‘C’ program contain several different subroutines. The library may be expanded with our own custom features and operations. These features are readily available for use anytime we need them in our program. This function is especially helpful when working with complex code.

Use of the C programming language

C++ has several practical uses, including the following:

  • Development of video games
  • Applications using graphical user interfaces
  • Computer systems and database management
  • Internet browsers
  • Methods of computation and graphics
  • Banking
  • Distributed systems and cloud computing
  • Compilers
  • Integrated subsystems are known as embedded systems.
  • Enterprise software libraries that are integrated
  • Large-scale server applications
  • Code compilers

MySQL, Microsoft Windows and Office, macOS, and many more popular services are all created with C++. The majority of modern embedded systems are written in this language. It’s common practice in-system programming and the creation of low-overhead applications. If you need to deal with a large buffer or a large number of concurrent users while keeping latency to a minimum, C++ is the language for you. The same holds for games and server-side applications.

Applications of C Language

C programming is used extensively in creating system software and desktop applications. The following are a few of C’s potential uses.

  • Operating Systems

The first operating system, UNIX, was developed using C, a high-level programming language. C was also utilized to create Windows and a few Android apps in the later years.

  • GUI (Graphical User Interface)

Adobe Photoshop has been one of the most popular photo editors for decades. The C programming language was used extensively throughout its creation. Additionally, both Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Premiere were created using C.

  • Systems Embedded

C programming is often considered the most suitable for scripting applications and embedded systems drivers because of its close relationship with the machine hardware.

  • Google

The Google Chrome web browser and the Google File System may be developed in C/C++. In addition, there are a great number of C/C++-based projects inside the Google Open Source community.

  • A Compiler’s Design

The creation of compilers is a widespread use case for the C programming language. Compilers for many other languages were inspired by C’s close relationship to low-level languages, which improved the machine’s ability to interpret other languages. The C programming language has been used to create several popular compilers.

  • Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird

Included were the free and open-source Mozilla Firefox and Thunderbird email client projects. Therefore, they were written using C/C++.

  • Animation and gaming

The gaming industry has embraced C as a programming language because it is based on a compiler and is thus faster than Python or Java. C is used to create even the simplest games like the Dino game, Tic-Tac-Toe, and Snake. The first-person shooter horror game doom3, produced by id Software in 2004 for Microsoft Windows and coded in C, is among the most technically advanced games ever made.

  • MySQL

Another open-source project popular among DBMSs, MySQL, is a relational database management system (RDBMS). The C/C++ programming language was used in its creation.

  • New programming language platforms

C was not the only source of inspiration for C++. This programming language has all of the characteristics of C as well as the notion of object-oriented programming. However, it has also spawned several other highly known programming languages like MATLAB and Mathematica. It enables apps to execute more rapidly on a computer.

  • High-level language translators into machine language

It’s important to note that interpreters, like compilers, are computer programs that convert higher-level languages into machine code. This includes using C to create language interpreters. Several popular computer language interpreters are written in C, including the Python Interpreter, the MATLAB Interpreter, etc.


C is not an obsolete programming language, as evidenced by many of the world’s greatest businesses using it for their profession or company. Contrarily, it remains the language of choice for front- and back-end developers alike throughout the globe. Thanks to this experience, we realized the practicality of C programming.

Our research revealed that C is used in all hardware and software technologies, making it advantageous for aspiring software developers and seasoned software specialists with a good command of C and the ability to construct sophisticated interfaces.






Best Programming Languages for Creating Virtual Reality Apps

Virtual reality (VR) is gradually becoming a technology utilized in various media and experiences. Until recently, its primary use was in medical and scientific institutions, including labs and patient recovery centers, and in large-scale theme parks, where it served as an attraction. Now that virtual reality headsets have advanced, the sector is progressively expanding into regular households. As the need for VR development grows, new technologies and frameworks have emerged (and continue to do so!). As more and more businesses want to take advantage of virtual reality, skilled programmers have become an essential resource.

But which programming language is best suited for virtual reality development? Let’s have a look at the most popular virtual reality programming languages.


  1. C#

Thanks to Unity, C# has become one of the most popular languages for creating virtual reality applications. Since its inception as a gaming engine, Unity has been expanding into other areas of media development. It provides a unified environment for creating a wide variety of VR applications.

Aside from that, Unity provides several tutorials and examples on how to code a VR experience. If there’s anything else you want to know about Unity that isn’t included in the official documentation, you may easily find the answer in the vast Unity community.

C# does not exist in the VR realm just because of Unity. For instance, StereoKit is a C# library for developing VR apps, which can be integrated into your current project. When combined with the sophisticated APIs provided by.NET, it is considerably easier to construct VR experiences.

C# is a fantastic choice for a language with strong libraries and frameworks for VR development.


  1. C++

The programming community at large agrees that C++ is a very fast and effective language. It has been used for years to create visually stunning and technically complex 3D applications like video games.

The Unreal Engine is a C++ toolkit for developing interactive 3D games. It provides resources for making virtual reality content, much like Unity.

Knowing C++ is required if you want to create native experiences for certain VR headsets. Occulus Rift’s PC SDK, for example, is developed in C++.


  1. Java

There is a vibrant community of virtual reality (VR) developers working in Java because the Android platform uses Java as the language for its native applications. Android, along with other mobile platforms, is now one of the most popular targets for VR solutions, all thanks to the widespread adoption of Smartphones and their subsequent application in low-cost solutions for VR headsets.

Android’s native apps are built in Java, so it’s no surprise that Google Cardboard and ViroCore are also developed in Java.

Knowing how to write in Java is required if you want to create native VR experiences for Android.


  1. JavaScript

Languages associated with web development witnessed a rise in use alongside the rise of the internet as a content delivery platform.

Almost all websites and mobile applications on the internet use JavaScript. Virtual reality (VR) applications are now a subset of these online experiences, and various frameworks have emerged to aid developers working on the platform. And the majority of them are written in JavaScript.

Developers may create virtual reality (VR) applications with the help of Three.js, a JavaScript 3D Library. A-Frame, built on Three.js’s Entity Component System architecture, was created with VR solutions in mind a few years later.

Other VR libraries for JavaScript include Babylon.js, a web rendering engine with tools for creating VR applications, and ViroReact, a React Native library that allows developers to prototype and construct Virtual Reality experiences using this framework easily.

If you want to create VR web apps, JavaScript will help you make your vision a reality.


  1. Python

Python is not typically considered a language to learn when getting into VR. However, it is used by several frameworks and packages.

Vizard is the most prominent and illustrative example available. It’s a software framework written in Python for making Virtual Reality (VR) programs. NASA, among other research institutions and colleges, uses it.

In addition, various virtual reality (VR) applications use Python as a scripting language, including Autodesk’s VRED (a 3D solution for automobile prototyping that lets designers utilize and test their designs in VR).

Python VR has a smaller community than the others on this list, but it has its uses.



Whether a novice or an experienced developer, C# or C++ will be your best bet for creating VR apps, they are the most often utilized in a range of VR experiences and, as a result, have the greatest communities to whom you may turn for assistance in fixing specific difficulties you may encounter.

All the other languages discussed here are also viable options, albeit their potential user base will be smaller. Despite their shortcomings, one of the most significant benefits of using multi-platform frameworks such as Unity or Unreal Engine is that porting your software to several platforms is simple.