In development, the front-end and back-end tools are equally important. The front-end aspect is defined as the visual things users can see such as appearance. Studies conducted each year have shown a varying shift in what front-end tools are better. When referring to frameworks, there are 3 main ones at the top of every list—Angular, React, and Vue.
- Contains a large number of helpful tools for developers
- Has a great community of developers to help it evolve
- Small learning curve
- Better performance levels
However, there are some disadvantages of React such as:
- Harder to learn programming style
- Doesn’t use HTML since it has JSX
- Needs third-party libraries for creating UIs
Angular is open-sourced and was made by Google. Though it’s over 2 decades old, it’s still one of the best front-end frameworks for development. React and Vue have made Angular struggle to remain at the top but, with a significant update in 2016, it remains in the top 3 front-end frameworks. Some benefits are:
- Allows developers to work on components separately
- Has a big community and is backed by a large portion of developers
- Component-based structure
- High quality of programming
The major issues of Angular are its high learning curve and complicated syntax.
Similar to Angular, Vue was created by a developer from Google—Evan You. It was released in 2014, a year after React. You wanted to make a framework that would be more lightweight than Angular with a better performance speed. Advantages of Vue include:
- Very lightweight (running at about 20KB)
- Easily integrated with other programming languages
- Small learning curve and quick performance
Some disadvantages are:
- Lower number of developers that support the language
- Struggles to work alongside other much bigger projects
- Has a limited amount of features available
In terms of download numbers, React wins while Vue is next and Angular trails behind. Angular is considered old in the development industry. It has slowly become less effective or used compared to the other two. As an older language, the learning curve for Angular is steeper than React and Vue—the others being built to make learning the framework easy.
A developer’s skills, time, dedication to the development project, available resources, and more all should contribute to choosing which kind of front-end framework is the best choice. In a general sense, it would be impossible to recommend one over the other two due to that.